Coronary Heart Disease abbreviated as “CHD” is a pathologic condition in which a fatty wax resembling substance called plaque builds up and accumulate on the inner walls of the arteries supplementing the heart with oxygen-rich blood. These heart arteries are called the coronary arteries.

Plaques narrow these arteries and reduce blood flow to your heart muscle. Reduced blood flow can cause chest pain, especially when you’re doing any activity like sports or climbing stairs. This can sometimes even happen during resting. Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture (break open). This causes a...

Anemia from Iron Deficiency

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Bone marrow in the center of the bone needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to the body's organs (see figure 1 and 2 below).

Without adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells. The result is called iron-deficiency anemia with a decrease in oxygen transport and delivery to the different tissues and organs. This type of anemia can be caused by: An iron-poor diet, especially in infants, children, teens,...


Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body.Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body.

Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems including heart attack, stroke, or even death.Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that begins with the formation of calcified plaque.Calcium mineralization of the lumen in the atherosclerotic artery promotes and solidifies plaque formation, causing narrowing of the vessels.Vitamin K2 reduces calcification in the...

Male Fertility

While the annual pregnancy probability rate in a healthy couple of fertility age lies between 80 to 85%, up to 15% of these healthy couples fail to achieve pregnancy and give birth (1).

Causes related to the male partner account for nearly half of the cases and are linked mainly to abnormal semen analysis. This abnormality remains of unexplained origin in almost half of the sub or infertile men (1). Over the past years, environmental changes and adverse lifestyle factors have greatly...

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for healthy and strong bones, from infancy into adulthood and old age. Children need "D” to build strong bones and prevent rickets, a cause of bowed legs, knock knees, and weak bones.

Vitamin D is a unique vitamin that most people don’t get enough of. Vitamin D has multiple roles in the body and is necessary for maintaining a good health. To understand more about the importance of this vitamin, it is enough to know that low vitamin D levels have...

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